Q: What is the ruling on giving a part of the meat of Uḍḥiyyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims) to non-Muslims as a gift? Some scholars view that it is permissible. In our country, we live side by side with non-Muslims in the same quarter. Actually, we do not know what is the ruling on giving them a part of the Uḍḥiyyah’s meat as well as a part of our charity.
A: It is permissible for a Muslim to give gifts to his non-Muslim relative or neighbour, like food, clothing or the likes, even if it is a part of the Uḍḥiyyah. Doing so is charity if they are poor, as a kind of keeping ties of relationship, fulfilling neighbourhood duties and bringing people together. Allāh (Exalted be He) says:
وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا ۖ وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفًا ۖ وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ۚ
But if they (both) strive against you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not; but behave with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to Me in repentance and in obedience.
Surah Luqmān 31:15
He also said:
لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ
Allāh does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allāh loves those who deal with equity.
Surah al-Mumtaḥanah 60:8
It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered Asmāʾ bint Abū Bakr (may Allāh be pleased with them both) to treat her mother kindly though she was a disbeliever at that time. Moreover, ʿUmar bin al-Khaṭṭāb (may Allāh be pleased with him) gave a garment as a gift to his disbelieving relative. Furthermore, there is no Sharʿī (Islamic legal) evidence that prohibits doing so. Thus, the basic principle in this regard is permissibility . However, no category of non-Muslims is to be given a share of Zakāh (obligatory charity) except al-Muʿallafātu Qulūbuhum (those whose hearts are inclined to Islām).
May Allāh grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muḥammad, his family, and companions.
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Members: Shaykh `Abdullah ibn Qa`ud, Shaykh `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
Deputy Chairman: Shaykh `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify
Chairman: Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
 Except in case the non-muslim is an enemy of Islām and the Muslims as evidenced by the Surah al-Mumtaḥanah 60:8 and other fatāwā of the Permanent Committee