Menstruating Woman Entering into Iḥrām | Shaykh Ibn al-ʿUthaymīn

A woman whose period begins before she enters iḥrām can enter iḥrām while menstruating¹, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) commanded Asma’ bint ‘Umays, the wife of Abu Bakr (may Allāh be pleased with them both), who gave birth at Dhu’l-Hulayfah, to do ghusl and tie a cloth around herself, and enter iḥrām². The same applies to menstruating women³, and they should remain in iḥrām until they become pure (i.e., until their period or nifās ends and they do ghusl), then they should do tawāf around the Ka’bah and sa’ī

Shaykh Muḥammad bin Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn رحمه الله, Q1 from the treatise ’60 questions on rulings of menstruation.’

Commentator’s Footnotes:

  1. In case she does not enter into iḥrām from the mīqāt, then she needs to return to the mīqāt to enter into iḥrām before doing Hajj/Umrah. This is understood from the following Hadith narrated by Al-Qasim bin Muhammad: ‘Aisha said, “We set out with Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)s in the months of Hajj, and (in) the nights of Hajj, and at the time and places of Hajj and in a state of Hajj. We dismounted at Sarif (a village six miles from Makkah). The Prophet (ﷺ) then addressed his companions and said, “Anyone who has not got the Hadi and likes to do Umrah instead of Hajj may do so (i.e. Hajj-al-Tamattu) and anyone who has got the Hadi should not finish the iḥrām after performing ‘Umrah). (i.e. Hajj-al-Qiran). Aisha added, “The companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) obeyed the above (order) and some of them (i.e. who did not have Hadi) finished their iḥrām after ‘Umrah.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and some of his companions were resourceful and had the Hadī with them, they could not perform Umra (alone) (but had to perform both Hajj and Umra with one Ihram). Aisha added, “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) came to me and saw me weeping and said, “What makes you weep, O Hantah?” I replied, “I have heard your conversation with your companions and I cannot perform the Umra.” He asked, “What is wrong with you?’ I replied, ‘ I do not offer the prayers (i.e. I have my menses).’ He said, ‘ It will not harm you for you are one of the daughters of Adam, and Allah has written for you (this state) as He has written it for them. Keep on with your intentions for Hajj and Allah may reward you that.” Aisha further added, “Then we proceeded for Hajj till we reached Mina and I became clean from my menses. Then I went out from Mina and performed Tawaf round the Kaba.” Aisha added, “I went along with the Prophet (ﷺ) in his final departure (from Hajj) till he dismounted at Al-Muhassab (a valley outside Makkah), and we too, dismounted with him.” He called ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr and said to him, ‘ Take your sister outside the Haram (sanctuary) of Makkah and let her assume iḥrām for ‘Umrah, and when you had finished ‘Umrah, return to this place and I will wait for you both till you both return to me.’ ” ‘Aisha added, ” So we went out of the sanctuary of Makkah and after finishing from the ‘Umrah and the Tawaf we returned to the Prophet (ﷺ) at dawn. He said, ‘Have you performed the ‘Umrah?’ We replied in the affirmative. So he announced the departure amongst his companions and the people set out for the journey, and the Prophet too left for Medina.” Sahih al-Bukhāri 1560
  2. A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that Asma’ bint Umais gave birth to Muhammad bin Abu Bakr near Dhu’l-Hulaifa. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) commanded Abu Bakr to convey to her that she should take a bath and then enter into the state of iḥrām. Book of Hajj, Chapter: The iḥrām of the woman in Nifās, recommendation of doing Ghusl for Ihram and likewise for those menstruating, Sahīh Muslim, 1209
  3. It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbās that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “When menstruating women and women who gave birth come to the mīqāt, they should do ghusl and enter iḥrām and do all the rituals apart from Tawāf around the Ka’bah.” Narrated by Abū Dāwūd, 1744; classed as sahīh by al-Albānī in Sunan Abi Dāwūd. 

وقال الشيخ ابن عثيمين :

“المرأة التي حاضت قبل أن تحرم يمكنها أن تحرم وهي حائض لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلّم أمر أسماء بنت عميس امراة أبي بكر رضي الله عنهما حين نفست في ذي الحليفة أمرها أن تغتسل وتسثفر بثوب وتحرم ، وهكذا الحائض أيضاً ، وتبقى على إحرامها حتى تطهر، ثم تطوف بالبيت وتسعى ” اهـ. “رسالة 60 سؤالاًَ في أحكام الحيض” .

“عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، – رضى الله عنها – قَالَتْ نُفِسَتْ أَسْمَاءُ بِنْتُ عُمَيْسٍ بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ بِالشَّجَرَةِ فَأَمَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَبَا بَكْرٍ يَأْمُرُهَا أَنْ تَغْتَسِلَ وَتُهِلَّ ‏.‏”

صحيح مسلم في كتاب الحج.، بَابٌ : إِحْرَامُ النُّفَسَاءِ، وَاسْتِحْبَابُ اغْتِسَالِهَا لِلْإِحْرَامِ، وَكَذَا الْحَائِضُ