The Meaning of al-`Ālamīn | Ibn Kathīr

Al-`Ālamīn is plural for `Ālam, which encompasses everything in existence except Allāh. The word `Ālam is itself a plural word, having no singular form. The `Ālamīn are different creations that exist in the heavens and the earth, on land and at sea. Every generation of creation is called an `Ālam. Al-Farra` and Abū `Ubayd said, “`Ālam includes all that has a mind, the Jinns, mankind, the angels and the devils, but not the animals.” Also, Zayd bin Aslam and Abū Muhaysin said, `Ālam includes all that Allāh has created with a soul.” Further, Qatādah said about,

﴿رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ﴾

(The Lord of the `Ālamīn), “Every type of creation is an `Ālam.” Az-Zajjaj also said, “Ālam encompasses everything that Allah created, in this life and in the Hereafter.” Al-Qurtubi commented, “This is the correct meaning, that the `Ālam encompasses everything that Allāh created in both worlds. Similarly, Allāh said,

﴿قَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ وَمَا رَبُّ الْعَـلَمِينَ – قَالَ رَبُّ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَآ إِن كُنتُمْ مُّوقِنِينَ ﴾

(Fir`awn (Pharaoh) said: “And what is the Lord of the `Ālamīn” Musa (Moses) said: “The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty”) (26:23-24).

– Sūrah al-Fātiḥah, Tafsīr ibn Kathīr


Celebrating Mawlīd and Mid-Sha’bān | Permanent Committee

Is it permissible to celebrate religious ‘Eids (festivals) such as the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) and the 15th night of Sha‘ban etc., according to the occasion?

(a) It is not permissible to celebrate innovated ‘Eids.

(b) The Sunnah approves only two ‘Eids in Islam, i.e. ‘Eid-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice) and ‘Eid-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). During these two days, it is permissible for Muslims to rejoice and show happiness, and do the rituals that Allah (Glorified be He) has ordained during them such as Salat-ul-‘Eid (the Festival Prayer) and the like. But it is unlawful to practice any Haram (prohibited) matters.

(c) It is not permissible to celebrate the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or that of any other person, because the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not celebrate his birthday nor did he enjoin Muslims to do so. Likewise, the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them) did not celebrate the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and neither did the Salaf (righteous predecessors) in the three best generations. Indeed, all goodness lies in following their way.

(d) Celebrating the 15th night of Sha‘ban is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) and so is the celebration of the twenty-seventh night of Rajab which some people call the Night of Isra’ (Night Journey) and Mi‘raj (Ascension to Heaven) as mentioned in part (c). Allah is the One sought for help.May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Members: `Abdullah ibn Qa`ud, `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan 

Deputy Chairman: `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify 

Chairman: `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz


Congratulating or Greeting the disbelievers | Ibn al-Qayyim

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Ibn al-Qayyim -May Allāh have mercy upon him- said in his book, “Aḥkām Ahl adh-Dhimmah (Rulings of the people of protection)” under the Chapter on congratulating/greeting (the non-Muslims)[1]:

بِزَوْجَةٍ أَوْ وَلَدٍ أَوْ قُدُومِ غَائِبٍ أَوْ عَافِيَةٍ أَوْ سَلَامَةٍ مِنْ مَكْرُوهٍ وَنَحْوِ ذَلِكَ، وَقَدِ اخْتَلَفَتِ الرِّوَايَةُ فِي ذَلِكَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ فَأَبَاحَهَا مَرَّةً وَمَنَعَهَا أُخْرَى، وَالْكَلَامُ فِيهَا كَالْكَلَامِ فِي التَّعْزِيَةِ وَالْعِيَادَةِ وَلَا فَرْقَ بَيْنَهُمَا

“On (occasion of) marriage, or (birth of) a child, or arrival of an absent (loved) one, or good health (after falling sick), or (returning to) safety from calamity and the likes of that. There are differing reports concerning this from (Imām) Aḥmad. Once he permitted it and another time he prohibited it. And the speech regarding it is similar to the speech regarding giving condolences and visiting the sick and there is no difference between the two.”

He mentioned in the chapter titled, “Chapter of Visiting the Sick from the People of the Book”:

فَهَذِهِ ثَلَاثُ رِوَايَاتٍ مَنْصُوصَاتٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ: الْمَنْعُ، وَالْإِذْنُ، وَالتَّفْصِيلُ، فَإِنْ أَمْكَنَهُ أَنْ يَدْعُوَهُ إِلَى الْإِسْلَامِ وَيَرْجُوَ ذَلِكَ مِنْهُ عَادَهُ

وَقَدْ ثَبَتَ فِي ” صَحِيحِ ” الْبُخَارِيِّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: «كَانَ غُلَامٌ يَهُودِيٌّ يَخْدُمُ النَّبِيَّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – فَمَرِضَ فَأَتَاهُ النَّبِيُّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – يَعُودُهُ، فَقَعَدَ عِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ، فَقَالَ لَهُ: أَسْلِمْ، فَنَظَرَ إِلَى أَبِيهِ وَهُوَ عِنْدَهُ، فَقَالَ لَهُ: أَطِعْ أَبَا الْقَاسِمِ، فَخَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – وَهُوَ يَقُولُ: ” الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَنْقَذَهُ بِي مِنَ النَّارِ» .

وَفِي ” الصَّحِيحَيْنِ ” عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ أَنَّ أَبَاهُ أَخْبَرَهُ قَالَ: «لَمَّا حَضَرَتْ أَبَا طَالِبٍ الْوَفَاةُ جَاءَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – فَوَجَدَ عِنْدَهُ أَبَا جَهْلِ بْنَ هِشَامٍ وَعَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ أَبِي أُمَيَّةَ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – لِأَبِي طَالِبٍ: ” أَيْ عَمِّ قُلْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ كَلِمَةً أَشْهَدُ لَكَ بِهَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ “.

فَقَالَ أَبُو جَهْلٍ وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي أُمَيَّةَ: يَا أَبَا طَالِبٍ أَتَرْغَبُ عَنْ مِلَّةِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ؟ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – يَعْرِضُهَا عَلَيْهِ وَيَعُودَانِ بِتِلْكَ الْمَقَالَةِ حَتَّى قَالَ آخِرَ مَا كَلَّمَهُمْ: هُوَ عَلَى مِلَّةِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ وَأَبَى أَنْ يَقُولَ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -: ” أَمَا وَاللَّهِ لَأَسْتَغْفِرَنَّ لَكَ مَا لَمْ أُنْهَ عَنْكَ ” فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ: {مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْبَى مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ} [التوبة: 113] » .

“So the following three reports have been specified from (Imām) Aḥmad: the prohibition, the permission and the elaboration, that if it is possible for one to invite him to Islām and hopes that from him, then he visits him [2].

And it has been established in Saḥīḥ al-Bukhārī from the Ḥadīth of Anas bin Mālik -May Allāh be pleased with him- that he narrated:

“A young Jewish boy used to serve the Prophet ﷺ and he became sick. So the Prophet ﷺ went to visit him. He sat near his head and asked him to embrace Islām. The boy looked at his father, who was sitting there; the latter told him to obey Abul-Qāsim and the boy embraced Islām. The Prophet ﷺ came out saying: “Praise be to Allāh Who saved the boy from the Hellfire.” [3]

And in the Saḥīḥayn, it has been narrated from Saʿīd bin al-Musayyab from his father:

When the time of the death of Abū Ṭālib approached, Allāh’s Messenger ﷺ went to him and found Abū Jahl bin Hishām and ʿAbdullāh bin Abū Umayyah bin al-Mughīrah by his side. Allāh’s Messenger ﷺ said to Abū Ṭālib, “O uncle! Say: None has the right to be worshiped but Allāh, a sentence with which I shall be a witness (i.e. intercede) for you before Allāh”. Abū Jahl and ʿAbdullāh bin Abū Umayyah said, “O Abū Ṭālib! Are you going to denounce the religion of ʿAbdul Muṭṭalib?” Allāh’s Messenger ﷺ kept on inviting Abū Ṭālib to say it (i.e. ‘None has the right to be worshiped but Allāh’) while they (Abū Jahl and ʿAbdullāh) kept on repeating their statement till Abū Ṭālib said as his last statement that he was on the religion of ʿAbdul Muṭṭalib and refused to say, ‘None has the right to be worshiped but Allāh.’ (Then Allāh’s Messenger ﷺ said, “I will keep on asking Allāh’s forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden (by Allāh) to do so.” So Allāh revealed (the verse) concerning him,

مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْبَى مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ

It is not fitting for the Prophet (ﷺ) and those who believe that they should invoke (Allāh) for forgiveness for pagans even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of the fire.

Sūrah at-Taubah (9:113)” [4]

He goes on to say in the Chapter of congratulating the disbelievers:

وَلَكِنْ لِيَحْذَرِ الْوُقُوعَ فِيمَا يَقَعُ فِيهِ الْجُهَّالُ مِنَ الْأَلْفَاظِ الَّتِي تَدُلُّ عَلَى رِضَاهُ بِدِينِهِ، كَمَا يَقُولُ أَحَدُهُمْ: مَتَّعَكَ اللَّهُ بِدِينِكَ أَوْ نَيَّحَكَ فِيهِ، أَوْ يَقُولُ لَهُ: أَعَزَّكَ اللَّهُ أَوْ أَكْرَمَكَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَقُولَ: أَكْرَمَكَ اللَّهُ بِالْإِسْلَامِ وَأَعَزَّكَ بِهِ وَنَحْوَ ذَلِكَ، فَهَذَا فِي التَّهْنِئَةِ بِالْأُمُورِ الْمُشْتَرَكَةِ.

وَأَمَّا التَّهْنِئَةُ بِشَعَائِرِ الْكُفْرِ الْمُخْتَصَّةِ بِهِ فَحَرَامٌ بِالِاتِّفَاقِ مِثْلَ أَنْ يُهَنِّئَهُمْ بِأَعْيَادِهِمْ وَصَوْمِهِمْ، فَيَقُولَ: عِيدٌ مُبَارَكٌ عَلَيْكَ، أَوْ تَهْنَأُ بِهَذَا الْعِيدِ، وَنَحْوَهُ، فَهَذَا إِنْ سَلِمَ قَائِلُهُ مِنَ الْكُفْرِ فَهُوَ مِنَ الْمُحَرَّمَاتِ، وَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ أَنْ يُهَنِّئَهُ بِسُجُودِهِ لِلصَّلِيبِ، بَلْ ذَلِكَ أَعْظَمُ إِثْمًا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَأَشَدُّ مَقْتًا مِنَ التَّهْنِئَةِ بِشُرْبِ الْخَمْرِ وَقَتْلِ النَّفْسِ وَارْتِكَابِ الْفَرْجِ الْحَرَامِ وَنَحْوِهِ.

وَكَثِيرٌ مِمَّنْ لَا قَدْرَ لِلدِّينِ عِنْدَهُ يَقَعُ فِي ذَلِكَ، وَلَا يَدْرِي قُبْحَ مَا فَعَلَ، فَمَنْ هَنَّأَ عَبْدًا بِمَعْصِيَةٍ أَوْ بِدْعَةٍ أَوْ كُفْرٍ فَقَدْ تَعَرَّضَ لِمَقْتِ اللَّهِ وَسَخَطِهِ، وَقَدْ كَانَ أَهْلُ الْوَرَعِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ يَتَجَنَّبُونَ تَهْنِئَةَ الظَّلَمَةِ بِالْوِلَايَاتِ، وَتَهْنِئَةَ الْجُهَّالِ بِمَنْصِبِ الْقَضَاءِ وَالتَّدْرِيسِ وَالْإِفْتَاءِ تَجَنُّبًا لِمَقْتِ اللَّهِ وَسُقُوطِهِمْ مِنْ عَيْنِهِ، وَإِنْ بُلِيَ الرَّجُلُ بِذَلِكَ فَتَعَاطَاهُ دَفْعًا لِشَرٍّ يَتَوَقَّعُهُ مِنْهُمْ فَمَشَى إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَمْ يَقُلْ إِلَّا خَيْرًا، وَدَعَا لَهُمْ بِالتَّوْفِيقِ وَالتَّسْدِيدِ فَلَا بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ، وَبِاللَّهِ التَّوْفِيقُ.

“However, one should be cautious of falling into that which the ignorant ones fall into, by way of phrases that display acceptance of their religion, as someone might say, “May Allāh strengthen you in your religion”, or he says, “May Allāh strengthen you” or “honour you” except if he says, “May Allāh honour you with Islām and strengthen you by it” and its likes. So this is with regards to congratulating (them) in matters that the people have in common.

And as for greeting (the disbelievers) on religious rituals of disbelief specific to them, then it is Harām (prohibited) by consensus, as is greeting them on their festivals and fasts, by saying, “A blessed festival to you” or “Greetings to you on this festival”, and the likes. The one who says this has been saved from disbelief, yet it is from the prohibitions. And it is like congratulating someone for prostrating to the cross, rather it is a greater sin with Allāh and despised more than congratulating for drinking wine or murdering a soul or having an illicit sexual relation and the likes.

And many from those who do not have value for their religion fall into this, and do not realize the offensiveness of their action. One who congratulates a slave for his sin or bidʿah (innovation) or kufr (disbelief) exposes himself to the hatred and displeasure of Allāh. The pious people from the scholars would avoid congratulating the oppressors appointed by the state, or congratulating the ignorant ones for the position of the judiciary, teaching or Iftāʾ (legal counsel), to avoid the wrath of Allāh and falling before His eyes. If one finds himself compelled to do that, due to the evil foreseen from them, so then he goes to them and does not speak except good. And prays for them to be guided and upright, then there is nothing wrong with that. And with Allāh lies true success.”

– Compiled & Translated by Abū Āsiyah Muẓaffar al-Hindī
– Reviewed by ʿAbd an-Nūr al-Hindī



[1] Aḥkām Ahl adh-Dhimmah (

[2] Ibn Mufliḥ al-Ḥanbalī -May Allāh have mercy on him- said: “This view was favored by our Shaykh (Ibn Taymiyyah) and a similar view was favoured by al-Āajurrī. Abū Dāwūd narrated that if one’s intention is to call him to Islām, then yes (one may visit him).” [Al-Furūʿ wa taṣḥīh al-Furūʿ (10/334)] (

[3] Saḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1356

[4] Saḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 1360, Saḥīḥ Muslim 24 a

An Evening of Beneficial Lectures | 27 Rajab 1437

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

☀”جَاءَ الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَاطِلُ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا“💨

☀”Truth has come and Falsehood has vanished. Surely! Falsehood is ever bound to vanish.” [17:81]💨

🏮An Evening of Beneficial Lectures
🗓27 Rajab 1437 | 5 May 2016


🔦انظروا عمن تأخذون دينكم!
🔦Beware who you take your religion from!

☎Abū Hārūn Muhammad Ṭawīl حفظه الله
🕟4:30 – 5:30 pm UAE (3:30 – 4:30 pm Somalia)


🔍بيان ضرورة اتخاذ الصحبة السلفية الصالحة وتجنب الصحبة الخلفية الطالحة
🔍Clarifying the necessity of having righteous Salafi company and avoiding evil Khalafi company.

☎Abū ʿAbdir-Raḥmān Nawwās al-Hindī حفظه الله
🕠5:35-6:35 pm UAE (7:05 – 8:05 pm Sri Lanka)



⚖حقيقة الحزبية الجديدة على ميزان الأصول السلفية الصحيحة
⚖Reality of Al-Ḥizb al-Jadīd on the scales of the Correct Salafi Principles

☎Abu Talhah Musa Millington حفظه الله
🕢7:25 – 8:25 pm UAE (11:25 – 12:25 pm Trinidad)

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والله الموفق

Sūrah adh-Dhāriyāt, aṭ-Ṭūr, an-Najm | Shaykh Sa’īd bin D’ās

هذه اخر تلاوة للشيخ المجاهد سعيد بن دعاس قبل قتله باسبوع  سور : الذاريات؛ الطور؛ النجم

This is the last recitation by the Shaykh, the Mujāhid, Sa’īd bin D’ās رحمه الله a week before he was killed (by the Rāfidhah لعنة الله عليهم). Sūrah adh-Dhāriyāt, aṭ-Ṭūr & an-Najm. May Allāh accept him as Shahīd


Brothers in the Religion | Shaykh Saleem al-Hilaalee & Shaykh Yahya al-Hajooree

بسم الله الرحمٰن الرحيم

Beautiful Admonitions on the topic, “Brothers in the Religion

by the Senior-most student of the Muhaddith of the lands of Shaam, al-Imaam Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee رحمه الله,

ash-Shaykh al-Faadil Abu Usaamah Saleem bin ‘Eed al-Hilaalee حفظه الله

& the Senior-most student of the Muhaddith of the lands of Yemen, al-Allaamah Imaam Muqbil ibn Haadee al-Waadi’ee رحمه الله,

ash-Shaykh al-Mujaahid Abu ‘Abdir-Rahman Yahya bin ‘Alee al-Hajooree حفظه الله

Recorded during the meeting that occurred in the Blessed Lands of Tawheed, Makkah al-Mukarramah

on the Blessed Night of Jumu’ah, 23rd Jumaada al-Ukhrah 1437H

والله الموفق لكل خير

Meadow of the Beginners | Shaykh Muhammad bin Hizaam al-Ba’daani

رَوْضَة ُ البَادِئِين مِنْ أَحَادِيْثِ سَيِّدِ المُرْسَلِين

شيخ أبو عبد الله محمد بن علي بن حزام الفضلي البعداني حفظه الله

The following resources would be useful for memorization & study of the ahaadeeth inshaaAllaah

iOS app:

Android app:

Translation (by the noble brother Aboo Haroon Muhammad Taweel as-Somaalee):

Audio recordings (by the noble brother Aboo Haroon Muhammad Taweel as-Somaalee):

Detailed Explanation (of the first chapter):

May Allaah bring benefit through it